Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and the level of cardiovascular risk (CVR), determined with different scales (REGICOR, SCORE, ERICE, vascular age...) in people with low and normal weight. Materials and Methods: A total of 192,711 underweight and normal weight Spanish workers participated. CVR parameters included were weight, abdominal circumference, blood pressure, glycemia (high >125 mg/dL or under hypoglycemic treatment) and lipids (cutoff points: total cholesterol 200 mg/dL, LDL 130 mg/dL, triglycerides 150 mg/dL) were obtained by automated enzymatic methods. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated, considering underweight 18.5 and normal weight 18.5-24.9. A descriptive analysis of the categorical variables was carried out. Results: The values of analytical, anthropometric and clinical parameters were more unfavorable in the normal weight group. Also, the prevalence of alterated values of CVR seen with different scales show higher risk in this group and in all cases the values in men are worse. It was seen that the variable with the greatest influence on the appearance of altered values of the cardiovascular risk scales (CVRS), influencing all of them was the age. Conclusion: All the CVRS analyzed showed higher values in the group of people with normal weight compared to those with underweight. Age, followed by sex, were the variables that most influence the appearance of high CVR values.


Cardiovascular risk, body mass index (BMI), weight

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