Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Acne vulgaris (AV) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is common among adolescents. Its etiology involves hormones, diet, genetics, and environmental factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between acne vulgaris and insulin resistance (IR) and visceral adiposity index (VAI). Materials and methods: The study included 184 individuals. Participants' height, weight, waist and hip circumference and blood pressure were measured. Morning fasting blood was obtained from all participants for measuring glucose, insulin, triglyceride (TG), and cholesterol levels. The HOMA index and visceral adiposity index were calculated. The collected data were analyzed using statistical methods. Results: The patient and control groups exhibited similar age, gender, and body mass index (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference between the patient and control groups in HOMA index and VAI (p > 0.05). A positive correlation was observed between VAI and glucose, insulin, HOMA index, TG level, and waist circumference, whereas there was a negative correlation with high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Conclusion: Our study results demonstrated that IR and VAI were similar both in the AV and healthy control groups. There was no correlation between acne severity score and waist circumference, glucose, insulin, TG, HDL, HOMA index, and VAI. These results indicate that IR and visceral adipose tissue dysfunction alone are not effective in the development of acne.


Acne vulgaris, insulin resistance, visceral adiposity index

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