Backround/aim: In this study, the efficacy of an IL-6 antagonist, Tocilizumab, administered in the early period was studied in intensive care patients with COVID-19 pneumonia followed by hypoxic and systemic inflammation not receiving mechanical ventilation support. Materials and methods: Patients with COVID-19 pneumonia who have signs of hypoxia and systemic inflammation and/or who have acute bilateral infiltrates on chest radiograph and who received tocilizumab treatment were compared with the patients who received standard medical therapy. Patients who were followed up with COVID-19 pneumonia and respiratory failure between March 2020 and March 2021 were retrospectively evaluated in the study. A 400 mg - 800 mg iv dose (depending on weight) of Tocilizumab was administered. The primary endpoint was determined as intensive care unit mortality. Results: A total of 213 patients who were admitted with respiratory failure associated with COVID-19 to our third-level intensive care unit were evaluated. Of these patients, the study was conducted with 50 patients in the tocilizumab treatment group and 92 patients in the standard treatment group. During the intensive care period, 26 patients (28.3%) in the standard treatment group and 12 patients (24%) in the group receiving tocilizumab died. The adjusted hazard ratio for mortality in the tocilizumab group was 0.39 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.186 to 0.808; p = 0.001 by log-rank test). During the intensive care period, 22 patients (24.8%) in the standart treatment group and 16 patients (32%) in the tocilizumab group were intubated. The adjusted hazard ratio for a primary outcome intubation in the tocilizumab group was 0.71 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.355 to 1.424; p = 0.184 by log-rank test). Conclusion: Tocilizumab was administered with a low-dose steroid or following pulse steroid in intensive care patients followed up with COVID-19 pneumonia and evidence of hypoxia, and systemic inflammation was shown to reduce the intensive care all-cause mortality.
Antibodies, COVID-19, intensive care unit, mortality, SARS-COV-2, tocilizumab
KÜÇÜK, MEHTAP PEHLİVANLAR; KÜÇÜK, AHMET OĞUZHAN; PEHLİVANLAR, AYŞEGÜL; MÜRTEZAOĞLU, EMİNE SEVİL AYAYDIN; ÇOBAN, KADİR; KILIÇ, GAMZE; AYÇİÇEK, OLCAY; ÖZTUNA, FUNDA; BÜLBÜL, YILMAZ; and ÖZLÜ, TEVFİK
"Effect of tocilizumab on intensive care patients with Covid-19 pneumonia, a retrospective cohort study,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 52:
1, Article 5.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol52/iss1/5