Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Cisplatin (CIS) is an effective antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of several cancer types. Peripheral neuropathy is a major dose-limiting side-effect in CIS therapy. Cannabinoids may alleviate this painful side effect. This study investigated the analgesic effects of anandamide (AN) on CIS-induced peripheral neuropathy, in vitro effects of AN in CIS neurotoxicity, and the contribution of nitric oxide (NO) in this effect. Materials and methods: This is an experimental animal study. Primary dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cultures were prepared from oneday-old rats for in vitro investigations. DRG cells were incubated with CIS (100-300 μM), and AN (10, 50, 100, and 500 μM) was administered with the submaximal concentration of CIS. Female Sprague Dawley rats were divided into control, CIS, CIS+AN, CIS+AN+ L-NG-nitro arginine methyl ester (LNAME). CIS was administered 3 mg/kg i.p once weekly for 5 weeks. AN (1 mg/kg i.p) or in combination with 10 mg/kg i.p LNAME was administrated 30 min before CIS injection. Mechanical allodynia, thermal hyperalgesia, and tail clip tests were performed. After intracardiac perfusion, sciatic nerves (SN), and DRGs were isolated and semi-thin sections were stained with toluidine blue and investigated histologically. SPSS v. 21.0 and Sigma STAT 3.5 were used for statistical analysis. One/two way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, and Wilcoxon signed ranks tests were used. A p-value of 0.05 was accepted as significant. Results: CIS caused significant mechanical allodynia. AN and AN+LNAME significantly increased hind paw withdrawal latency in mechanical allodynia test. The degenerated axons significantly increased in CIS group, while decreased in AN group. The frequency of larger neurons seemed to be higher in CIS+AN group. Conclusion: AN may be a therapeutic alternative for the treatment of CIS-induced peripheral neuropathy. However, its central adverse effects must be considered.


Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II), n-arachidonoylethanolamide, ng nitroarginine methyl ester, nitric oxide, peripheral neuropathy

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