Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Chitotriosidase and YKL-40, also called chitinase 3-like protein 1, are homologs of family 18 glycosyl hydrolases, secreted by human macrophages and granulocytes under inflammatory conditions. Although increased levels of chitotriosidase and YKL-40 are linked with several inflammatory diseases, the physiological utility of these two enzymes is still not fully characterized. This study aims to analyse the serum YKL-40 and chitotriosidase levels of acute pancreatitis patients to assess whether their activity correlates with acute pancreatitis and its severity. Materials and methods: Chitotriosidase and YKL-40 levels, along with routine laboratory parameters, were determined from the serum samples of 41 acute pancreatitis patients, at both onset and remission (male/female: 22/19), and 39 healthy subjects (male/female: 19/20). The Modified Glasgow Prognostic Score was used to predict the severity of the disease, and a correlation analysis was performed between study variables. Results: A statistically significant increase in both chitotriosidase and YKL-40 levels was observed in acute pancreatitis patients compared to healthy controls (P < 0.001). Higher levels of YKL-40, chitotriosidase and C-reactive protein were found in patients with acute pancreatitis at onset than in remission. The correlation analysis showed a statistically significant association between YKL-40 and chitotriosidase (p = 0.039, r = 0.323). The cut-off point for YKL-40, for detecting acute pancreatitis, was 60.3 with a sensitivity and specificity of 84.9% and 84.6% (AUC: 0.890). The optimum cut-off points for chitotriosidase, for detecting acute pancreatitis, was 33.5 with a sensitivity and specificity of 79.5% and 78.4% (AUC: 0.899). Conclusion: Elevated YKL-40 and chitotriosidase levels in acute pancreatitis patients demonstrate the importance of possible macrophage involvement in the pancreatic microenvironment during acute pancreatitis progression.


Acute pancreatitis, YKL-40, chitotriosidase, inflammation

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