Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: This study assessed the histopathological effects of aloe vera (AV) on penile fractures (PF) formed experimentally in rat model. Materials and methods: Thirty-two Wistar adult male rats (220 to 250 g) were used. The PF model was created experimentally with a number 15 lancet. After the interventions, all of the rats were randomly and equally divided into 4 groups. In the first group, incision was not closed (group C). In the second group, AV was locally applied onto incision without suturing for 3 days (group AV). In the third group, the incision line was closed primarily (group PR). In the last group, AV was applied to primary repair region for 3 days (group PAV). All groups were compared to each other according to presence of fibrosis, inflammation, and hyperemia-bleeding. Results: Hyperemia and bleeding were seen in all groups with varying degrees and the difference between groups was insignificant (p = 1.000). According to inflammation, there was a significant difference between all groups (p = 0.031). No significant inflammation was observed in group AV and therefore, group AV had a better score than group PR (p = 0.026). In group PAV, inflammation was less seen than group PR, however, the difference was insignificant (p = 0.119). According to fibrosis, group AV and group PAV had same fibrosis rates. Fibrosis was observed in 2 (25%) rats in each group. When group PR was compared with group AV and group PAV, there were no significant differences according to cavernosal tissue healing with fibrosis (p = 0.132 and p = 0.132, respectively). Conclusion: Local application of AV onto the PF region without closing with suture decreased inflammation in rats.

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