Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most extensive inflammatory arthritis causing permanent deformities in the joint. Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative stress is a substantial factor in the pathogenesis of RA. This study aimed to examine the salivary oxidant-antioxidant status of RA and control groups and to compare these biomarkers by correlating them with disease activity, acute phase reactants, and clinical findings. Materials and methods: Age and sex-matched 60 participants including 30 patients with RA and 30 control (50 females, 10 males; mean age: 42.62 ± 10.89 years) were evaluated. RA disease activity and severity were evaluated by the disease activity score 28-C reactive protein (DAS 28-CRP). Rheumatoid factor (RF) positivity, anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) positivity, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), CRP, tender and swollen joint counts, and medical treatment regimens of the patients (glucocorticoids, conventional or biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs) were recorded. In the radiographic examination, dental findings, and bone alterations of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) were recorded and compared for both groups. Saliva samples were obtained for analysis of total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), arylesterase (ARE), and oxidative stress index (OSI) levels. The data analysis was conducted by independent sample t-test and chi-square test. Results: Condylar erosion was the most common radiographic change in TMJ of RA patients. Osteophyte formation was a prominent finding in the control group. Lower TAS and higher OSI levels were found in RA patients compared with controls (p = 0.013; p = 0.029, respectively). The effect of DAS 28-CRP score on the levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in RA patients was not significant. Conclusion: Oxidative stress causes tissue damage in response to excessive mechanical loading, which in turn promotes TMD. However, disease activity has not a prominent impact on the salivary oxidative stress status of RA patients.


Oxidative stress, rheumatoid arthritis, saliva, temporomandibular joint disorders

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