Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is technically more difficult and has higher complication rates in patients with Crowe type 3-4 developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Due to the difficulties and different treatment options, there is still no consensus on the optimal treatment. We aimed to evaluate the mid-term results of our patients who had undergone subtrochanteric femoral shortening Z-osteotomy. Materials and methods: This study included 37 hips of 29 patients with the diagnosis of Crowe 3-4 DDH between June 2010 and December 2016 and who underwent femoral shortening Z-osteotomy with cementless total hip arthroplasty. Acetabular component was determined according to the patient's age and functional capacity and all patients were operated with a posterior approach. Functional results, postoperative complications, Harris and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were evaluated. Results: The average Harris hip score was 41.3 ± 3.1 preoperatively and 84.7 ± 4.3 postoperatively (p < 0.05). The mean preoperative hip pain score on the VAS was 7.9 (range: 6-9) and this was significantly lower at the last follow-up (mean: 3.4; range: 2-4) (p < 0.05). The final mean limb-length discrepancy was 1.3 cm. The average amount of femoral shortening was 3.2 cm. Regarding complications, 3 (10.3%) patients had dislocations. These patients underwent closed reduction. Sciatic palsy developed in 1 (3.4%) patient. The patient was reoperated on for sciatic nerve dissection in the early period. Conclusion: Subtrochanteric shortening Z-osteotomy combined with cementless total hip replacement can be considered an effective and successful method in selected patients with Crowe 3-4 coxarthrosis.


Developmental dislocation of the hip, subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy, osteotomy fixation, total hip replacement

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