Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Gout may cause various radiographic abnormalities such as cartilage loss, spurs, sclerosis, and periostal new bone formation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of Achilles and plantar spurs and related factors in gout patients. Matherial and methods: We performed a retrospective review of gout patients, treated at Hacettepe University hospitals between 2014 and 2019. We identified patients from the hospital records using the ICD-10 code (M10). Demographic and clinical features, comorbidities, and foot radiographies were collected. The radiographies were evaluated by a rheumatologist (U.K.) who was experienced in musculoskeletal radiography. Factors predicting the spurs were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Results: 181 patients who had lateral foot radiograph were included in this study. Eighty-one (44.7%) patients had score ≥ 2 Achilles spur, 81 (44.7%) patients had score ≥ 2 plantar spur, and 22 (12.1%) patients had no spur. Age, disease duration, duration between the gout diagnosis and appearing spur, the presence of metabolic comorbidities and hypertension were higher in both Achilles and plantar spurs than no spur group. Forty (22.1%) patients had score ≥ 2 both Achilles and plantar spur. In this group, the mean age was older and the proportion of metabolic comorbidities was higher than the groups of Achilles and plantar spur with a score 0 or 1. Predictor of the development of large or moderate-severe calcaneal spur was the existence of metabolic comorbidity [OR (95% CI): 3.49 (1.11-11.0) and p = 0.033]. Conclusion: The presence of metabolic comorbidities increases the frequency of calcaneal spurs in gout patients. This condition can be explained by the impaired microvascular structure and increased hypoxia resulting in calcification on the tendon and ligament insertion sites.

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