Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: During laparoscopic cholecystectomy operations, increases in intraabdominal, intrathoracic, and intracranial pressures (ICP) can be seen after pneumoperitoneum created for surgical imaging. Orbital ultrasonography (USG), which has been developed in recent years, is a method that can evaluate the ICP by measuring the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) from the eyeball. In our study, we aimed to evaluate whether different intraabdominal pressure values created during laparoscopic cholecystectomy operations correlate with ICP by measuring ONSD. Materials and methods: The study included a total of 90 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification I (ASA I) and II (ASA II) and ages from 18 to 65 years with laparoscopic cholecystectomy planned. After the patients were intubated, at the 5th min, bilateral ONSD measurements were performed. The same measurements were performed at the 15th and 30th min after CO2 insufflation and additionally 10 min after CO2 was released at the end of the operation. During intrabdominal CO2 insufflation, patients with 10 mmHg pressure applied comprised Group 1, patients with 12 mmHg pressure applied comprised Group 2, and patients with 14 mmHg pressure applied comprised Group 3. Results: The study was completed with 89 patients, 51 female and 38 males. One patient was excluded from the study due to erroneous values. The variations in ONSD measured in the right-left eye before pneumoperitoneum and at the 15th and 30th min after abdominal CO2 insufflation were observed to be statistically significant (p < 0.01). In all three groups, the right and left eye ONSD values were not identified to be statistically significantly different (p > 0.01). A significant increase was observed in ONSD values in direct proportion to the increase in intraabdominal pressure in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery. Conclusion: USG-guided ONSD measurements appear be a guide to ensure optimization of intraabdominal pressures and safe anesthesia administration for patients, especially those at risk of ICP increase, during laparoscopic surgery


Optical nerve sheath diameter, intracranial pressure, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, ultrasonography

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