Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of low- and high-pressure pneumoperitoneum pressures applied during robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) on regional cerebral oxygenation saturation (rSO2 ). Materials and methods: The prospective, comparative, and observational study included patients aged 18-80 years, with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-II, who would undergo elective RALP. The patients were divided into two groups (12 mmHg of pneumoperitoneum pressure group, n=22 and 15 mmHg of pneumoperitoneum pressure group, n=23). Patients' demographic data, durations of anesthesia, surgery, pneumoperitoneum, and Trendelenburg position, intraoperative estimated blood loss, fluid therapy, urine output, hemodynamic and respiratory data, and rSO2 values were recorded at regular intervals. Results: The rSO2 values increased significantly during the pneumoperitoneum combined with steep Trendelenburg position (from t 3 to t 6 ) and at the end of the surgery (t 7 ) in both groups, compared to the values 5 min after the onset of pneumoperitoneum in the supine position (t 2 ) (P < 0.05), but no statistical significance was observed between the two groups. No cerebral desaturation was observed in any of our patients. Hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were preserved in both groups. The blood lactate levels were significantly higher in patients operated at high-pressure pneumoperitoneum, compared to those with low-pressure pneumoperitoneum (P < 0.05). Conclusion: We believe that low-pressure pneumoperitoneum, especially in robotic surgeries, such as robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP), can be applied safely

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