Background/aim: Gemcitabine, dexamethasone and cisplatin (GDP) is a well-established salvage regimen for relapsed and refractory lymphomas. In this study, we aimed to share our experience with the patients who received GDP/R-GDP (rituximab-gemcitabine, dexamethasone and cisplatin) for stem cell mobilization. Materials and methods: Data of 69 relapsed and refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients who received GDP/R-GDP as salvage chemotherapy in our center between July 2014 and January 2020 were retrospectively evaluated. After the evaluation of response, 52 patients had a chemosensitive disease and underwent mobilization with GDP/R-GDP plus G-CSF (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor). Collected CD34+ stem cells and related parameters were compared in terms of diagnosis of HL and NHL, early and late stage, patients who did not receive RT and those who received RT, and patients aged under 60 and over 60. Results: On the 15th day on average (range 11-20), a median number of 8.7 × 106 /kg (4.1-41.5) CD34+ stem cells were collected in 51 (98%) of our 52 chemosensitive patients and 1 (2%) patients failed to mobilize. We observed acceptable hematological and nonhematological toxicity. The targeted amount of 2 × 106 /kg CD34+ stem cells was attained by 98% (n: 51) patients, and all of them underwent autologous stem cell transplantation. Moreover, low toxicity profiles provide outpatient utilization option clinics with close follow-up and adequate supportive care. Conclusion: We suggest that GDP/R-GDP plus G-CSF can be used as an effective chemotherapy regimen for mobilizing CD34+ stem cells from peripheral blood in relapsed and refractory lymphoma patients due to low toxicity, effective tumor reduction, and successful stem cell mobilization. It can also be assumed that the GDP mobilization regimen may be more effective, especially in patients with early-stage disease and in HL patients.
Gemcitabine, dexamethasone, cisplatin, stem cell mobilization, relapsed and refractory lymphoma
BATGİ, HİKMETTULLAH; BAŞCI, SEMİH; DAL, MEHMET SİNAN; ÇAKAR, MERİH KIZIL; ULU, BAHAR UNCU; YİĞENOĞLU, TUĞÇE NUR; ÖZCAN, NURGÜL; KILINÇ, ALİ; MERDİN, ALPARSLAN; YILDIZ, JALE; BAKIRTAŞ, MEHMET; ŞAHİN, DERYA; DARÇIN, TAHİR; İSKENDER, DİCLE; and BAYSAL, NURAN AHÜ
"Gemcitabine, dexamethasone and cisplatin (GDP) is an effective and well-toleratedmobilization regimen for relapsed and refractory lymphoma: a single center experience,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 51:
2, Article 38.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol51/iss2/38