Background/aim: Pneumonia is the most serious clinical presentation of COVID-19. This study aimed to determine the demographic, clinical, and laboratory findings that can properly predict COVID-19 pneumonia. Materials and methods: This study was conducted in the Gazi University hospital. All hospitalized patients with confirmed and suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection between 16 March 2020 and 30 April 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. COVID-19 patients were separated into two groups, pneumonia and nonpneumonia, and then compared to determine predicting factors for COVID-19 pneumonia. Variables that had a P-value of less than 0.20 and were not correlated with each other were included in the logistic regression model. Results: Of the 247 patients included in the study 58% were female, and the median age was 40. COVID-19 was confirmed in 70.9% of these patients. Among the confirmed COVID-19 cases, 21.4% had pneumonia. In the multivariate analysis male sex (P = 0.028), hypertension (P = 0.022), and shortness of breath on hospital admission (P = 0.025) were significant factors predicting COVID-19 pneumonia. Conclusion: Shortness of breath, male sex, and hypertension were significant for predicting COVID-19 pneumonia on admission. Patients with these factors should be evaluated more carefully for diagnostic procedures, such as thorax CT.
COVID-19, pneumonia, predicting factors
ÖZGER, HASAN SELÇUK; YILDIZ, PINAR AYSERT; GAYGISIZ, ÜMMÜGÜLSÜM; DİKMEN, ASİYE UĞRAŞ; GÜLMEZ, ZEHRA DEMİRBAŞ; YILDIZ, MEHMET; ŞENOL, ESİN; HIZEL, KENAN; TUNÇCAN, ÖZLEM GÜZEL; ÇAĞLAR, KAYHAN; BOZDAYI, GÜLENDAM; KÖKTÜRK, NURDAN; ÇİFTÇİ, TANSU ULUKAVAK; BIKMAZ, ŞAHENDER GÜLBİN AYGENCEL; and TÜRKOĞLU, MELDA
"The factors predicting pneumonia in COVID-19 patients: preliminary results from auniversity hospital in Turkey,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 50:
8, Article 8.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol50/iss8/8