Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/ aim: Malnutrition is common in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), especially in the end stages of the disease where heart failure symptoms predominate. Malnutrition has been associated with atherosclerosis in patients with chronic kidney disease, but it is unknown whether a similar relationship exists between malnutrition and coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD). In the present study, we aimed to analyse whether indices of malnutrition were associated with coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with DCM. Materials and methods: A total of 33 cases who were prospectively followed up with by institutional DCM registry were found eligible for inclusion. Coronary flow reserve was measured with transthoracic echocardiography from the left anterior descending artery. The study sample was divided into 2 groups using a CFR cut-off value of 2.0. Geriatric nutritional index (GNI), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) were calculated. Results: A total of 17 out of 33 cases (51.5%) had a low (


Transthoracic echocardiography, nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, coronary flow reserve, malnutrition, inflammation

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