Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone malignancy that occurs frequently in children and adolescents. Baicalein, a flavonoid that has attracted great attention in recent years with its strong antitumor activity, shows a wide range of biological and pharmaceutical effects.MicroRNAs have been found to be involved in many critical processes in cancers. This study aimed to investigate the effect of baicalein and miR-25 on Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway of osteosarcoma cell line Saos-2. Materials and methods: Cell viability was assessed, and qRT-PCR and Western blot were performed to study the effects of baicalein on expression of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway-realted genes (ß-catenin, GSK-3ß, and Axin2) of Saos-2 cells. Results: Our results indicated that baicalein can inhibit the proliferation (IC50 value 35 -M), regulate Wnt/ß-catenin pathway and also increase miR-25 expression of Saos-2. Baicalein and also miR-25 decreased the expression of ß-catenin and Axin2, while increasing the expression of GSK-3ß. Down regulation of miR-25 decreased the expression of GSK-3ß, while ß-catenin and Axin2 expression increased. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that baicalein may target genes related to the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway by regulating miR-25 expression and may be a potential Wnt/ß-catenin pathway inhibitor for osteosarcoma therapy.


MicroRNA, miR-25, baicalein, osteosarcoma, Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, gene expression

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