Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: To investigate the effect of intravitreal golimumab on rabbit retina histopathology. Materials and methods: Sixteen albino New Zealand rabbits were divided into three groups. The right eye of each rabbit in groups I, II, and III received a single intravitreal injection of 5 mg/0.05 mL (6 eyes), 10 mg/0.1 mL (6 eyes), or 20 mg/0.2 mL (4 eyes) golimumab, while left eyes served as controls with the same volume of a balanced salt solution injection. All animals were examined using slit-lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy before and after intravitreal injection and at days 1 and 7. Animals were euthanized on day 7 and the eyes were enucleated for immunohistochemistry evaluation and electron microscopic examination of the retinas. Results: For groups I, II, and III, the number of cells in the outer nuclear layer and the inner nuclear layer was decreased compared to those in the control groups. In group I, the percentage of caspase-3 staining of the outer nuclear layer was significantly higher than that in the control. For groups II and III, TUNEL and caspase-3 staining percentages in the outer and inner nuclear layers were found to be significantly higher than those for the control groups. In the ganglion cell layer, for groups I, II, and III, neither TUNEL nor caspase-3 staining percentages showed any significant difference between two groups. No significant dose-dependent relationship was found for increasing doses of golimumab in all layers. Myelin figures and karyorrhexis in the photoreceptor cells were prominent in electron microscopy of the golimumab-injected eyes. Conclusion: Golimumab caused apoptosis in both photoreceptors and bipolar cells of the rabbit retina. Potential retinal toxicity of intravitreal golimumab should be considered if an intravitreal administration is planned.


Apoptosis, golimumab, intravitreal anti-TNF drugs, retina

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