Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates if not diagnosed and treated rapidly. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between levels of hypoxia-induced factor-1 alpha (HIF-1∝) and clinical course and prognosis in patients with intermediate low-risk, intermediate high-risk, and high-risk PE. Materials and methods: The study included 240 subjects in 4 groups: a healthy control group (n = 60, mean age = 60 ± 15.2, female/male = 30/30 ), intermediate low-risk PE group (n = 60, mean age = 60 ± 12,5, female/male = 27/33), intermediate high-risk PE group (n = 60, mean age = 61,4 ± 14,8, female/male = 36/24), and high-risk PE group (n = 60, mean age = 62,3 ± 15, female/male = 33/27). Plasma HIF-1∝ levels were measured using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. Results: Comparison of HIF-1∝ levels revealed a statistically significant difference between the groups in proportion to clinical scoring (P = 0.001 for all). Comparison of initial HIF-1∝ and troponin levels in intermediate high-risk PE patients given thrombolytic therapy and those treated with enoxaparin sodium showed that HIF-1∝ levels were significantly higher in the group that received thrombolytic therapy (P = 0.001), while there was no difference in troponin levels (P = 0.146). Conclusion: HIF-1∝ can be used in the PE clinical risk stratification and monitoring of PE and may also serve as a valuable early indicator in intermediate high-risk PE, for which early reperfusion therapy is important.


HIF-1 alpha, pulmonary thromboembolism, hypoxia

First Page


Last Page