Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: The aim of this study is to investigate clinicopathologic features of familial papillary thyroid carcinoma (fPTC) and compare them with sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (sPTC) in Turkish patients. A retrospective analysis of the papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) cases, with or without family history with a follow-up around 10 years was performed. Materials and methods: A series of patients with fPTC (82 fPTC families with 146 affected individuals) were compared with patients with sPTC (n = 112). The clinicopathologic features [(age, gender, histologic subtype, tumour size, bilaterality, multifocality, extrathyroidal extension (ETE), lymph node metastasis (LNM)] and treatment procedures (lymph node dissection, radioactive iodine ablation), and the outcomes like recurrences in the neck region, distant metastasis, and the need for reoperation were compared between the groups. Results: When the groups were compared, there was no significant difference in age (P = 0.449), and tumour size (P = 0.898) between familial and sporadic PTC patients. fPTC group had a significantly higher risk of male gender (P=0.001), bilaterality (P = 0.004), multifocality (P = 0.011), LNM (P = 0.013), ETE (P = 0.040), and distant metastasis (P ≤ 0.0001) than the sPTC group. However, recurrence rate was similar between the 2 groups (P = 0.436). Conclusion: The results of this study confirms a more aggressive nature in fPTC patients, in terms of bilaterality, multifocality, ETE, LNM, and distant metastasis, compared to sPTC patients in Turkish population.


Familial, sporadic, papillary thyroid cancer

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