Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate the change in bone mineral density (BMD) before and 1 year after parathyroidectomy in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Materials and methods: The clinical and biochemical parameters and DEXA screening of patients with symptomatic PHPT (n = 28) and asymptomatic PHPT (n = 63) were investigated before and 1 year after parathyroidectomy. Results: Patients with symptomatic PHPT had a higher prevalence of nephrolithiasis (18.2% vs. 4.6%, P = 0.032) when compared to the prevalence in patients with asymptomatic PHPT. The prevalence of osteoporosis in the lumbar spine (63.0% vs. 37.5%, P = 0.026) and femoral neck (40.7% vs. 20.6%, P = 0.048) was higher in symptomatic PHPT when compared to the prevalence in asymptomatic PHPT. After parathyroidectomy, the decreases in the prevalence of osteoporosis in the lumbar spine (25.8% vs. 9.4%, P = 0.014), femoral neck (22.1% vs. 8.2%, P =0.009), and total hip (22.4% vs. 5.3%, P = 0.007) were higher in symptomatic PHPT compared to the asymptomatic PHPT group. A higher BMD gain (g/cm2) was seen in the lumbar spine (10.83% vs. 4.65%, P=0.016) and femoral neck (12.61% vs. 4.37%, P=0.005) in symptomatic PHPT compared to the asymptomatic PHPT group.Conclusion: Parathyroidectomy provided more BMD gain in the lumbar spine and femoral neck in patients with symptomatic PHPT when compared to patients with asymptomatic PHPT 1 year after parathyroidectomy.
Bone mineral density, parathyroidectomy, hyperparathyroidism
ÇALIŞKAN, MUSTAFA; BEYSEL, SELVİHAN; KIZILGÜL, MUHAMMED; ÖZBEK, MUSTAFA; and ÇAKAL, ERMAN
"The effect of parathyroidectomy on bone mineral density in primary hyperparathyroidism,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 49:
6, Article 11.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol49/iss6/11