Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: This study aimed to describe the prognostic importance of epidermal growth factor (EGFR), phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), human EGF receptor-2 (HER-2), and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) in gastric cancer patients treated with postoperative chemoradiation therapy. Materials and methods: Sixty-nine patients treated with adjuvant chemoradiation therapy were retrospectively evaluated. Tumor samples were stained immunohistochemically. Results: All patients were treated with 3D conformal radiation therapy with concomitant and adjuvant chemotherapy. Perineural invasion (PNI) (P = 0.042), prechemoradiation therapy albumin levels below 3.5 mg/dL (P = 0.011), and EGFR positivity (P = 0.008) had negative effects on overall survival (OS). The median OS was 26 months for patients with PNI (+), 34.9 months for those with PNI (-), 19.5 months for those with albumin levels below 3.5 mg/dL, and 33.2 months for those with albumin levels above 3.5 mg/dL. IGF-1R (+) (P = 0.035) and history of cigarette smoking (P = 0.033) were observed to have a statistically significantly negative effect on disease-free survival (DFS). The median DFS was 29.2 months for IGF-1R (+) patients, 37.9 months for those with IGF-1R (-), and 26.3 and 40.59 months for smokers and nonsmokers, respectively. Conclusion: IGF-1R and EGFR may be used for patient selection in future prospective studies that evaluate the prognostic importance of these receptors.


Gastric cancer, PTEN, EGFR, HER-2, IGF-1R, radiotherapy

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