Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a serious illness characterized by fever and hemorrhage. Endothelin-1 (ET-1), angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), and endothelial cell-specific receptor tyrosine kinase (Tie-2) are believed to be important markers of the pathogenesis, clinical course, and prognosis of the disease. The aim of this study was to determine ET-1, Ang-2, and Tie-2 levels in adults with CCHF and investigate the associations between these markers and pathogenesis and disease course.Materials and methods: Sixty CCHF patients were included in the study. The patients were classified according to disease severity criteria and Ang-2, Tie-2, and ET-1 levels were compared.Results: Mean serum ET-1 level was 36.62 ± 27.99 pg/mL in the patient group and 3.70 ± 4.71 pg/mL in the control group (P = 0.001). Mean serum Ang-2 levels were 2511.18 ± 1018.64 pg/mL in the patient group and 3570.76 ± 209.52 pg/mL in the control group (P = 0.001). Mean serum Tie-2 levels were 7.35 ± 7.75 ng/mL in the patient group and 0.67 ± 1.26 ng/mL in the control group (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Elevated ET-1 and Tie-2 levels were associated with more severe disease course, while Ang-2 level was negatively correlated with severity in adult CCHF patients. ET-1, Tie-2, and Ang-2 levels are important prognostic parameters in CCHF and may contribute significantly to treatment and follow-up.


Angiopoietin-2, endothelin-1, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Tie-2

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