Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: To compare the inferior vena cava (IVC) indices, identify their variation rates at positive pressure values and accurate predictive values for the volume status in patients with spontaneous respiration receiving different positive pressure support.Material and methods: The study included 100 patients who were divided into 4 pressure support groups, according to the different pressure supports received, and 3 volume groups according to their CVP values. Ultrasonography was applied to all of the patients to define their IVC diameters at different pressure supports. Dynamic parameters were derived from the ultrasonographic assessment of the IVC diameter [collapsibility (CI-IVC), distensibility (dIVC), and delta (?IVC) indices].Results: There were significant differences between the 3 indices (CI-IVC, dIVC, and ?IVC) according to the pressure groups [(10/5), (10/0), (0/5), (t tube 0/0)]. The median value for the dIVC percentages was ?18% for all of the positive pressure support hypervolemic groups, apart from the hypervolemic t tube group (19%). For the hypervolemic groups, the best estimation according to the cut-off value appeared to be for the dIVC. Values with the highest sensitivity for differentiation of the hypovolemic individuals were calculated with the dIVC.Conclusion: The dIVC had a more accurate predictive role in predicting the volume status when compared with the CI-IVC and ?IVC, and may be used reliably with positive pressure supports.


Inferior vena cava, positive pressure, central venouse pressure, intravasculer volume

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