Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Environmental and genetic factors may play a major role in the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among people with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Based on the fact that PGC-1?, as the protein encoded by the PPARGC1A gene, plays a key role in energy metabolism pathways, it has been hypothesized that polymorphisms within the PPARGC1Agene may be associated with increased risks of NAFLD. Thus, this study was designed to evaluate the Gly482Ser polymorphism (rs8192678) within the PPARGC1A gene and its association with the increased risk of NAFLD in Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes.Materials and methods: A total of 145 NAFLD patients with a history of type 2 diabetes and 145 healthy control subjects were included in the study. Gly482Ser polymorphism genotyping was done using the amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR) technique.Results: The results showed a significant difference between the PPARGC1A Gly482Serpolymorphism in NAFLD patients and the healthy controls. Accordingly, the AA genotype and A allele were increased in the NAFLD patients when compared to the healthy controls. However, no significant correlation was observed between the Gly482Ser polymorphism and the physiological and biochemical parameters.Conclusion: Based on the results, the AA genotype, which is associated with the insertion of Ser, can be considered as a risk factor for the development of NAFLD in Iranian patients with diabetes type 2.


Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, PPARGC1A gene, Gly482Ser polymorphism, type 2 diabetes

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