Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a combination use of methimazole (MMI) and selenium (Se) in the treatment of Graves' disease (GD). Materials and methods: A total of 103 newly diagnosed hyperthyroidism patients were randomized to MMI and MMI + Se combination groups. After treatment for 6 months, the levels of triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), and thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb) were observed. An in vitro culture model of thyroid cells was established and the protein expression and mRNA levels of TRAb, TPOAb, and TGAb were determined by western blot and RT-PCR.Results: A significant decrease in the levels of FT3, FT4, TRAb, TPOAb, and TGAb were observed in both groups along with a marked increase in TSH levels. Furthermore, the in vitro experiments showed that the protein expression and mRNA levels of TRAb, TPOAb, and TGAb decreased significantly. Also, compared to the MMI group, there was a greater improvement of these indices in the MMI + Se group. Conclusion: We suggest that the combined use of MMI and Se could improve the thyroid activity in patients, which may provide an effective therapy for the treatment of GD in clinical settings.

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