Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Genetic aspects play a role in insulin resistance in children. In this study, for the first time, the association of LRP5 (rs556442) polymorphism and insulin resistance in Iranian children and adolescents was investigated.Materials and methods: The study population comprises children and adolescents aged 9-18 years. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters were assessed. Insulin resistance/sensitivity was determined by the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI), homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), insulin-to-glucose ratio, McAuley index, revised McAuley index, fasting insulin resistance index (FIRI), and Bennett's index. LRP5 (rs566442) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was identified using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Linear regression analysis was used to determine the association between the LRP5 polymorphism (rs556442) and insulin sensitivity indexes.Results: Significant differences were found between GG genotype vs. AG/AA genotypes for McAuley index (P = 0.049) and revised McAuley index (P = 0.044) when adjusted for interaction factors (age, sex, and puberty) in regression models. No significant association was found between LRP5 (rs566442) and other insulin resistance indexes. Also, LRP5 (rs566442) did not show a significant impact on biochemical parameters. Conclusion: This study showed that LRP5 polymorphism (rs556442) was associated with insulin resistance in Iranian children and adolescents.


LRP5, insulin, restriction fragment length polymorphism, revised McAuley index, children

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