Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Prevalence of atopy and allergic rhinitis in patients with adult non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis
Background/aim: Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (non-CF BR) is common in developing countries.Limited data are available regarding the impact of atopy, and no data are available regarding allergic rhinitis in patients with adult bronchiectasis.The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of atopy and allergic rhinitis in the clinical conditions of patients with BR.Materials and methods: The study enrolled 101 patients who were diagnosed with non-CF BR using high-resolution computed chest tomography. Allergic rhinitis (AR) was defined by skin prick test (SPT) positivity and the presence of any nasal symptoms (watery runny nose, nasal obstruction, nasal itching, and sneezing). Results: The mean age of patients was 48 ± 15 years (range 18-82); 55 (54.5%) patients were female. SPT positivity was detected in 37 (36.6%) cases. AR was detected in 32 (31.7%) patients with non-CF BR. AR was related to dyspnea (P = 0.04) and number of admissions to an emergency department in the previous year (P = 0.01). Forced expiratory volume in 1 s and forced vital capacity in patients with and without AR were different (P = 0.01 and P = 0.01, respectively). AR was correlated with number of admissions to an emergency department in the last year (r = 0.417, P = 0.005).Conclusion: We concluded that atopy was detected in more than one-third of adult non-CF BR patients. This study demonstrated that non-CF BR patients might have AR; it might be important to be aware of nasal symptoms in non-CF BR patients.
Allergic rhinitis, atopy, bronchiectasis, prevalence, skin prick test, symptoms
NİKSARLIOĞLU, ELİF YELDA; IŞIK, SACİDE RANA; UYSAL, MEHMET ATİLLA; ÜNAL, DERYA; and ÇAMSARI, GÜNGÖR
"Prevalence of atopy and allergic rhinitis in patients with adult non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 49:
2, Article 16.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol49/iss2/16