Hypotension is a serious complication caused by spinal anesthesia that places both the mother and fetus at increased risk. We aimed to investigate the effects of uterine size with or without abdominal obesity on sensory block level of pregnant women receiving spinal anesthesia. Materials and methods: This study included 125 term parturients who underwent cesarean section. Motor and sensory block characteristics, the distance between the symphysis pubis and the fundus (SPF), the distance between the symphysis pubis and the xiphoid (SPX), newborn and placental weights, adverse effects, and doses of ephedrine were recorded. Results: Sensory block level and ephedrine dose were significantly correlated with the SPX and the combined newborn and placenta weights (P < 0.05). The incidence of hypotension was related to the SPX and the combined newborn and placenta weight (P < 0.05). There was no correlation between the SPF and sensory block level or ephedrine dose. The sensory block level was higher for patients who had greater SPX values and higher combined newborn and placenta weights. The incidence of hypotension and the ephedrine dose were also higher in these subjects. Conclusion: SPX values and combined newborn and placenta weights are more predictive of sensory block level than SPF values in parturients receiving spinal anesthesia.
Spinal anesthesia, sensory level, hypotension, fundal height, abdominal obesity
GÜNÜŞEN, İLKBEN; SARGIN, ASUMAN; AKDEMİR, ALİ; and ERGENOĞLU, AHMET METE
"The effects of uterine size with or without abdominal obesity on spinal block level and vasopressor requirement in elective cesarean section: a prospective observational study,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 49:
1, Article 9.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol49/iss1/9