Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
A comparative biomechanical analysis of suprapectineal and infrapectineal fixation on acetabular anterior column fracture by finite element modeling
Background/aim: The aim of this study is to compare the stability and implant stresses of suprapectineal plate with infrapectineal plate in three subconfigurations of the screw types. Materials and methods: The stabilities of different fixation methods were compared by finite element analysis on six models. Three infrapectineal and three suprapectineal models each with locked, unlocked, or combined screws were employed. Three-dimensional finite element stress analysis was performed by using isotropic materials with a load of 2.3 kN applied at standing positions. Motion at the fracture line was measured on four different points located on the pubic and iliac sides of the fracture line.Results: Infrapectineal plate fixation with unlocked screws was found to be the most stable fixation method with 0.006 mm displacement of fragments in all axes at standing positions. The suprapectineal unlocked method was found to be the most unstable in standing positions with maximum displacement values of 0.46 mm vertical shear movement in the x-axis, -0.14 mm displacement in the y-axis, and -0.33 mm lateral shear in the z-axis. Conclusion: The infrapectineal unlocked plate supplies the most stable fixation with the least implant stress, contrary to the suprapectineal unlocked plate, which has the lowest stability and highest implant stresses.
Acetabular fracture, anterior column, suprapectineal, infrapectineal, fixation, finite element
YÜCENS, MEHMET; ALEMDAROĞLU, KADİR BAHADIR; ÖZMERİÇ, AHMET; İLTAR, SERKAN; YILDIRIM, AHMET ÖZGÜR; and AYDOĞAN, NEVRES HÜRRİYET
"A comparative biomechanical analysis of suprapectineal and infrapectineal fixation on acetabular anterior column fracture by finite element modeling,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 49:
1, Article 63.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol49/iss1/63