Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of virulence genes as well as patterns of antibiotic resistance in cystitis and pyelonephritis uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolates. Materials and methods: Two hundred UPEC isolates were collected from hospitalized patients with pyelonephritis (n = 50) and cystitis (n = 150) in Shafa Hospital in Iran. Antimicrobial susceptibility and ESBL production were determined with confirmatory tests. Polymerase chain reaction assay was performed to determine the prevalence of virulence genes in UPEC strains. Results: Of a total 200 UPEC isolates, the highest and lowest resistance rates to antibiotics were for cephalexin (74%) and nitrofurantoin (9%), respectively. Of these isolates, 72 (36%) and 128 (64%) strains were ESBL-positive and ESBL-negative, respectively. The frequency of fimH, papC, and hly was 64%, 38%, and 12%, respectively. The most commonly identified virulence gene in ESBL-positive and ESBL-negative strains was fimH 46 (23%) and 86 (43%), respectively. The hlyA gene was more prevalent among patients with pyelonephritis than cystitis. Conclusion: The frequency of virulence genes was not significantly different between pyelonephritis and cystitis UPEC strains in the studied patients, but the prevalence rates of hlyA and papC genes were higher among UPEC strains isolated from inpatients compared to outpatients; hence, they could be considered as useful targets for prophylactic interventions.


Urinary tract infections, Escherichia coli, antimicrobial resistance, virulence genes, cystitis, pyelonephritis

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