Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Following stroke, damage to the central nervous system and adaptive changes in muscle tissue are factors responsible for the loss of muscle strength. Even though it is suggested that early physiotherapy and mobilization prevent structural adaptive changes in muscle tissue, studies regarding this issue are insufficient. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of early physiotherapy and mobilization on quadriceps muscle thickness (QMT) in stroke patients.Materials and methods: Twelve stroke patients who were admitted to the neurology intensive care unit and 13 healthy controls were included in the study. QMT was examined at admission and discharge for each subject. Additionally, functional extremity movements, balance, and functional ambulation status were evaluated with the Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment of Movement Scale (STREAM). All of the patients were mobilized as early as possible by a physiotherapist and included in a treatment program consisting of the neurodevelopmental Bobath approach.Results: The patients' QMT values at admission and discharge were found to be similar to those of the healthy control group (P > 0.05). When the patients' QMT at the time of admission and discharge were compared, it was seen that the affected side and the nonaffected side were similar (P > 0.05). Additionally, when the admission and discharge results were compared, improvements in functional extremity movements, balance, and functional ambulation levels were observed (P < 0.05).Conclusion: It can be seen that QMT can be preserved and functional improvements can be provided through intense physiotherapy and mobilization initiated in the early period following stroke.


Stroke, muscle thickness, neurodevelopmental, Bobath, ultrasonography

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