Background/aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in intracranial pressure following tourniquet deflation using noninvasive ultrasonographic optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurements. Materials and methods: Our study included 59 adult patients between the ages of 18 and 65 years from the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I/II risk groups who were scheduled to undergo elective orthopedic surgery of the lower extremities using a tourniquet under general anesthesia. ONSD and end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) were measured 5 times: 15 min prior to the anesthesia induction; just prior to the deflation of the tourniquet; and at 5, 10, and 15 min after the deflation. Additionally, age, sex, weight, height, ASA score, and duration of operation and tourniquet usage were recorded. Results: The ONSD value measured 5 min after the deflation was significantly higher than all of the remaining measurements. There was a significant correlation between the ONSD and ETCO2 measurements at 5 and 10 min after deflation (r = 0.61, 95% CI 0.42-0.75, P < 0.0001 and r = 0.30, 95% CI 0.04-0.51, P < 0.05, respectively). Conclusion: The ultrasonographic ONSD measurements, which were obtained using a simple and noninvasive approach, increased significantly following tourniquet deflation, and this increase was correlated with an increase in ETCO2.
Tourniquet, intracranial pressure, optic nerve sheath diameter
BEŞİR, AHMET and TUĞCUGİL, ERSAGUN
"Effects of tourniquet usage in lower extremity surgery on optic nerve sheath diameter,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 48:
5, Article 13.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol48/iss5/13