Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is generally considered the practical dialysis modality for neonates in the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) and metabolic disturbances. e aim of this study was to evaluate the indications, complications, and outcomes of PD between January 2011 and December 2016. Materials and methods: This study included all 56 neonates that underwent PD over six years in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A retrospective chart review was performed for all patients in our institution. Results: The incidence of PD was 1.32% (56/4230 patients) during this period. Mean birth weight of the patients was 2267.77 ± 1060.63 (540?5050) g. irty-four (60.7%) patients were premature. Fourteen patients (25%) were in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery due to congenital cardiac defects, fourteen patients (25%) were diagnosed with metabolic diseases, one patient had hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, and another patient had severe pulmonary hypertension. Conclusion: In the acute setting of a neonatal intensive care unit, PD performed in a neonate provides a technically simple method of steady uid, solute removal, and correction of electrolyte abnormalities. A trocar catheter appears safe even in premature babies, and closed three-way stopcock system seems to be reliable at the bedside in NICUs.


Neonates, peritoneal dialysis, trocar catheter

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