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Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

DOI

10.3906/sag-1706-52

Abstract

Background/aim: This study aimed to compare the incidence of any stage of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and type 1 ROP between extremely preterm multiple- and single-birth infants. Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, we included extremely preterm infants who were ≤27 weeks of gestational age at birth. The screened infants were divided into two groups: single and multiple births. The incidence of any stage of ROP and type 1 ROP was compared between the groups. Results: This study included 301 infants; 225 were in the single-birth group and 76 were in multiple-birth group. The incidences of any stage of ROP and type 1 ROP among all infants were 70.7% (213 of 301) and 16.6% (50 of 301), respectively. Regression analysis showed that lower birth weight (OR = 0.99, P = 0.004) and longer length of stay in hospital (OR = 1.02, P = 0.002) were significantly correlated with any stage of ROP. Compared to single-birth infants, the risk of any stage of ROP and type 1 ROP did not statistically increase for multiple-birth infants (P > 0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that multiple birth had no significant correlation with ROP development in extremely preterm infants.

Keywords

Retinopathy of prematurity, extremely preterm infants, multiple birth

First Page

131

Last Page

135

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