Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: This study was performed to show the efficacy of in situ local autograft with a comparison of in situ local autograft, local autograft with allograft, and local autograft with posterior iliac crest autograft.Materials and methods: In this prospective randomized study, a total of 65 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients were separated into 3 groups: Group 1 using local autograft and allograft, Group 2 using local autograft only, and Group 3 using local autograft and posterior iliac crest autograft. Posterior segmental instrumentation was also applied to all patients. The mean follow-up period was 28.5 months (range, 15-40 months). Pseudarthrosis was investigated with the multiplanar and three-dimensional images obtained using multislice computed tomography, thoracolumbar bone single-photon emission computed tomography, and three-phase regional and whole body bone scintigraphy. Results: Pseudarthrosis was not observed in any patient. Fusion was obtained in all patients at the end of the follow-up periods.Conclusion: Similar results were obtained in respect of fusion in all 3 groups. Without the use of additional grafts, sufficient fusion can be achieved with the use of local autograft alone for posterior spinal fusion in patients with AIS.


Local autograft bone, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, pseudarthrosis, allograft bone graft

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