Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels on intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) and to determine the appropriate PEEP level during steep Trendelenburg position combined with pneumoperitoneum.Materials and methods: Ten pigs were included in this study. Pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position were maintained and PEEP titration was initiated. Arterial pressure, heart rate, arterial blood gas, ICP, and CPP were recorded at the following time points: baseline (T0), 30 min after positioning and pneumoperitoneum (T1), PEEP 5 (T2), PEEP 10 (T3), PEEP 15 (T4), and PEEP 20 (T5).Results: MAP significantly increased at T1 compared to T0 and decreased at T4 and T5 compared to T1. ICP was 9.5 mmHg and CPP was 69.3 mmHg at T0. CO2 insufflation and steep Trendelenburg position did not cause any significant difference in ICP and CPP. ICP increased and CPP decreased significantly at T4 and T5 compared to both T0 and T1. PaO2 and PaO2/FiO2 decreased significantly at T1 and T2 compared to T0, while both increased significantly at T3, T4, and T5 compared to T1.Conclusion: PEEP of 10 cmH2O was effective for providing oxygenation while preserving hemodynamic stability, ICP, and CPP in this model.


PEEP, intracranial pressure, Trendelenburg position, pneumoperitoneum

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