Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Staphylococcus aureus is an important nosocomial pathogen and a successful antimicrobial-resistance developer. In this study we retrospectively evaluated the resistance patterns and incidence of microbiologically confirmed nosocomial bacteremia (MCNB) related S. aureus strains between 2001 and 2013. Materials and methods: Any patient in whom S. aureus was isolated in at least one set of blood cultures (sent to the bacteriology laboratory 72 h after hospital admission) was considered to have MCNB. Results: The methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) rate in 2001 was 73.8% whereas it was 36.2% in 2013. When the 2001-2003 and 2011?2013 periods were compared, resistance to oxacillin, levofloxacin, gentamicin, erythromycin, and clindamycin decreased significantly (P < 0.05). When we evaluated the total S. aureus, MRSA, and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) bacteremia rates per 1000 days and 1000 patients, there was an increase in the 2004?2005 period, which was followed by a slight decrease until 2013 (P < 0.05). There was a plateau in MCNB-related S. aureus rates between 2008 and 2011. Conclusion: There was a decrease in overall S. aureus and MRSA bacteremia incidence as well as MRSA rates except for a plateau between 2008 and 2011. This steady decrease in the resistance rates is most probably due to the 2003 budget application and application of antimicrobial stewardship.


Antimicrobial resistance epidemiology, bacteremia, Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, infectious diseases, erythromycin, glycopeptides, vancomycin, teicoplanin, incidence

First Page


Last Page