Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Intraabdominal hypertension (IAH) is a common clinical finding in patients with acute pancreatitis and is associated with poor prognosis. This study aimed to determine the impact of intraabdominal pressure (IAP) on the mortality rate in patients with acute pancreatitis in an intensive care unit. Materials and methods: A total of 50 patients with acute pancreatitis were included in this prospective cohort study. Based on the obtained values of IAP, the patients were divided into two groups: those with normal IAP (n = 14) and increased IAP (n = 36). Mean values of IAP were compared with examined variables. Results: The mortality rate of the study group was 40%. Comparing the IAP and treatment outcomes, it was proved that there were statistically highly significant differences (P = 0.012). Increasing the value of IAP increased the mortality rate. Deceased patients in the IAH group had greater statistical significance of APACHE II score (P = 0.016), abdominal perfusion pressure (P = 0.048), lactate (P = 0.049), hematocrit (P = 0.039), Ranson's criteria on admission (P = 0.017), Ranson's criteria after 48 h (P = 0.010), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score (P = 0.014), and body mass index (P = 0.012) compared to the surviving patients. Conclusion: IAP has an impact on the increase of mortality rates in patients with acute pancreatitis.


Intraabdominal pressure, intraabdominal hypertension, abdominal compartment syndrome, acute pancreatitis, organ dysfunction

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