Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Septic shock is an important health problem that vastly alters cardiovascular and hemodynamic status. Increased production of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin is a counterpart of this endotoxemic state. This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that nonselective NO synthesis blocker (L-NAME), inducible NO synthesis blocker (L-canavanine), or endothelin receptor antagonist (bosentan) will reverse the effects of sepsis on hemorheological parameters. Materials and methods: Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in 8 groups: saline (control), endotoxin, bosentan, L-NAME, L-canavanine, endotoxin + bosentan, endotoxin + L-NAME, and endotoxin + L-canavanine. Blood was withdrawn at the 4th hour of endotoxemic state. Erythrocyte deformability and erythrocyte aggregation were determined by laser-assisted optical rotational cell analyzer at 37 °C. Plasma viscosity (mPa.s) was measured by a cone-plate viscometer with 0.5 mL of plasma. Results: Endotoxin administration significantly increased aggregation half-time and lowered erythrocyte aggregation amplitude and aggregation index compared to the control, indicating a slower and weaker aggregation pattern. L-NAME and L-canavanine alleviated the effects of endotoxin on erythrocyte aggregation without altering the values in the control animals. However, bosentan did not perform such a restoration. Conclusion: This finding suggests that these restoration effects of the blockers occur via their modulation of nitric oxide synthesis rather than through the endothelin pathway.


Hemorheology, plasma viscosity, erythrocyte deformability, erythrocyte aggregation, sepsis, endotoxemia

First Page


Last Page