Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: There are limited studies on genotyping and phylogenetic analysis of norovirus in Turkey, and this has not previously been studied in the Eastern Anatolia region. The aim of the present study was to determine the norovirus profile in this region with genotyping and phylogenetic analysis. Materials and methods: Included in the study were stool samples obtained from 427 people from different age groups in Eastern Anatolia. The nucleic acid samples isolated by the automatic system and nucleic acid sequence reactions and phylogenetic analyses were performed on RNA samples. Results: The presence of norovirus was detected in 86 (20.1%) of the 427 stool samples by RT-PCR analysis. Twenty-six samples selected randomly from norovirus-RNA positive samples were subjected to the sequence reaction. In 24 of the 26 samples, genogroup GII was determined, as well as one each from GI and GIV in sequence reactions. Four different genotypes were detected in genogroup GII, which were determined to be the dominant types. These were GII.1, GII.4, GII.16, and GII.21. The GI.6 and GIV.1 genotypes were determined in genogroups GI and GIV, respectively. Conclusion: The high frequency and genetic diversity of these infections are risk factors for disease and so vaccine studies should be undertaken in consideration of this situation.


Genotype, norovirus, molecular epidemiology, viral gastroenteritis, Turkey

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