Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Dendritic cell-based vaccine therapy for renal cell carcinoma is effective but requires improvement. Here we explored whether combination therapy with dendritic cell-based vaccine and anti-CD69 antibody can enhance antitumor efficacy in renal cell carcinoma-bearing mice. Materials and methods: Balb/c mice were challenged subcutaneously with murine renal cell carcinoma (Renca) cells. On day 3 after tumor cell inoculation, tumor-bearing mice either were left untreated or were treated with Renca tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cells (i.e. dendritic cell-based vaccine), anti-CD69 antibody, or a combination of Renca tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cells with anti-CD69 antibody. The mice were sacrificed on day 28. Tumor volume was measured for analysis of antitumor efficacy. Spleens were excised to evaluate antitumor immunological responses by measuring the proliferation and activation of T cells, which have the capacity to recognize and destroy tumor cells. Results: Combination treatment with Renca tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cells and anti-CD69 antibody resulted in significant decreases in tumor volume and significant increases in T-cell proliferation and activity, compared with no treatment or either treatment alone. Conclusion: These findings indicate that anti-CD69 antibody can potentiate antitumor efficacy of dendritic cell-based vaccine. The augmented therapeutic efficacy conferred by the combination therapy may be associated with increased T-cell proliferation and activity.


Dendritic cell, cancer vaccine, CD69, monoclonal antibody, renal cell carcinoma model

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