Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: This study aimed to explore the associations of the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene TaqIB and D442G polymorphisms with essential hypertension (EH). Materials and methods: In this case-control study, 883 hypertensive patients and 1044 normal controls were randomly selected from the Mongolian population of China. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing of PCR products were used to identify the genotypes. Haplotype analysis was performed by estimating the haplotype frequencies using the online SHEsis package. Results: The distribution frequency of the B2-G haplotype was significantly lower in the EH group than in the control group (0.7% vs. 1.9%, P = 0.001, OR = 0.359 [0.188?0.689]). Subjects with the B2B2 genotype showed significantly lower levels of total cholesterol (TC) (P < 0.05). When subgrouped by sex, male subjects with the B2B2 genotype showed significantly increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decreased TC levels (P < 0.05), and those with the B2 allele showed significantly lower triglyceride levels as compared to the subjects with the B1B1 homozygote (P < 0.05). Conclusion: TaqIB and D442G polymorphisms of the CETP gene did not independently affect the risk of developing EH in the Chinese Mongolian population, while the B2-G haplotype obviously decreased the susceptibility to EH. The B2 allele could alter the blood lipid level and reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.


Cholesteryl ester transfer protein gene, essential hypertension, polymorphism, Mongolian population

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