Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a common birth defect. Many studies have reported GATA4 mutations in patients with CHD, mainly septal defects. This study aimed to investigate the GATA4 exon 1 mutation in Egyptian patients with isolated congenital heart defects as a possible causative mutation. Materials and methods: Screening for mutations or any sequence variations in exon 1 of the GATA4 gene was carried out by PCR amplification followed by direct sequencings in 165 Egyptian patients with different nonsyndromic congenital heart diseases and 93 controls who were matched in terms of age and sex. Thorough clinical assessments were done for all subjects, along with X-ray, 2D echocardiography, and Doppler examinations. Results: The most common CHD among our cases was isolated ventricular septal defect (VSD) in 47.3% (78/165), followed by isolated atrial septal defect. A novel nonsynonymous sequence variation in fragment 2 (P193H) of exon 1 of GATA4 was detected in 15 (9.1%) of the subjects with septal defects. This mutation was not seen in any of the control group subjects. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of exon 1 GATA4 mutation (9.1%) in our study compared to other studies in different populations, which may correlate with different ethnic populations.


Congenital heart disease, cardiac septal defects, GATA4 mutation

First Page


Last Page