Background/aim: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) hepatitis is generally asymptomatic or rarely can lead to severe complications in immunocompetent hosts. This study aims to evaluate CMV hepatitis in immunocompetent young children, which is discussed relatively rarely in the literature. Materials and methods: A retrospective review of 49 pediatric patients with CMV hepatitis from January 2005 to December 2010 was performed. Results: The median age of the patients was 5.81 ± 6.49 months and 57.1% were female. Complaints were prolonged jaundice, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal distension. Seventeen patients (34.6%) had congenital or probable congenital CMV infection, while 32/49 (65.3%) had perinatal CMV infection. CMV hepatitis was accompanied by other system findings in 22 patients (44.9%), and only liver involvement was present in 27/49 (55.1%). Alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase were elevated together in all patients. Cholestatic hepatitis was present in 13 patients (26.5%). Four patients (8.16%) were treated with ganciclovir. Complete improvement of hepatitis occurred in 48/49 (97.95%). The recovery time of liver function tests was 7-180 days (mean: 53.92 ± 40.8). Conclusion: CMV hepatitis is usually mild and has a good outcome in immunocompetent individuals. However, cases should be carefully evaluated due to the important role of CMV in the etiology of infantile and neonatal hepatitis.
Cytomegalovirus, hepatitis, children, immunocompetent
TEZER, HASAN; YÜKSEK, SALİHA KANIK; GÜLHAN, BELGİN; PARLAKAY, ASLI NUR ÖZKAYA; and KIRSAÇLIOĞLU, CEYDA TUNA
"Cytomegalovirus hepatitis in 49 pediatric patients with normal immunity,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 46:
6, Article 3.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol46/iss6/3