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Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

DOI

10.3906/sag-1409-137

Abstract

Background/aim: Mucormycosis is a rare invasive fungal infection most commonly encountered in the immunocompromised host. We analyzed 51 adult patients treated for mucormycosis between 2003 and 2013 and recorded at a tertiary university hospital in Turkey. Materials and methods: We examined the following data for all patients: age, sex, predisposing disease, symptoms, treatment, surgical procedure, concomitant infections, intensive care requirement, and outcomes. Results: During the study period 51 cases of mucormycosis were documented; 54.9% of the patients were female. The mean age was 44.2 ± 18.2 years. Rhinocerebral presentation was reported in 94.1% of patients. Almost all patients (88.2%) had at least one risk factor. The common predisposing factors were hematologic malignancies (52.9%), diabetes mellitus (25.5%), and solid malignancies (5.8%). The most common initial symptoms were fever, cellulitis, and facial pain. The primary medication used was liposomal amphotericin B or conventional amphotericin B. Surgery was performed in 94.1% of patients. Mortality was 52.9%. Conclusion: Our study revealed that mucormycosis continues to be a mortal disease in about half of the cases. Our findings indicate that treatment with L-AMB is associated with a favorable response. Also, in the case of facial pain, the low mortality rate may indicate the importance of early diagnosis.

First Page

58

Last Page

62

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