Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: To determine the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their relationship with the clinical course of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Materials and methods: Sixty-two consecutively hospitalized patients with CAP were enrolled and their pneumonia severity index (PSI), time to clinical stability (TCS), treatment response, and complications were recorded. The pre- and posttreatment serum concentrations of MMPs and their inhibitors were analyzed by ELISA. The activities of MMPs were evaluated by gelatin zymography. Results: MMP-2 and -9 serum levels and their activities were higher in CAP patients than controls (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). Low-risk patients had lower levels of MMP-2 and TIMP-1 than high-risk patients (P = 0.044, P = 0.001, respectively). Pretreatment serum TIMP-1 level was higher in patients with TCS of >3 days (P = 0.004) and was correlated with oxygenation and PSI scores. Posttreatment serum levels of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were decreased after antibiotics (P = 0.0001 and P = 0.017, respectively). Conclusion: Although MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 correlate with many poor prognostic factors, more studies are required to prove their possible role in predicting the severity of CAP.


Matrix metalloproteinases, matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors, pneumonia, severity of illness index

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