Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




\beta-Lactamase production is considered one of the most important resistance mechanisms among virulent Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. The aim of this study was to compare the production and antimicrobial resistance patterns of some virulence factors in extended spectrum \beta-lactamase (ES\betaL)-producing and nonproducing P. aeruginosa clinical isolates. Materials and methods: Out of 183 different clinical specimens, 104 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates were recovered. The isolates were screened for ESbL production using the double disk diffusion test and phenotypic confirmatory disk diffusion test. All isolates were tested for susceptibility to 25 antimicrobials, as well as for expression of various virulence factors including pigment, hemolysin, gelatinase, protease, lipase, rhamnolipids, biofilm, and cell surface hydrophobicity. The results of ESbL producers and nonproducers were statistically compared. Results: All isolates showed a high frequency of multiple resistance to at least 14 and up to 25 of the tested antimicrobials. Nevertheless, most virulence factors were produced at higher rates in ESbL-producing than in ESbL-nonproducing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest a correlation between ESbL phenotype and the production of some factors that are reported to be involved in the virulence of P. aeruginosa.


Extended spectrum \beta-lactamase, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, double disk diffusion test, phenotypic confirmatory disk diffusion test, virulence factor

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