Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most commonly encountered microorganisms in nosocomial infections. It is thought that strains found in the environment can be a source for contamination of patients by Acinetobacter strains that are resistant to environmental conditions. This study was carried out to compare Acinetobacter strains isolated from a variety of nonviable environments and from patients in intensive care units (ICUs), and to explore whether environmental areas may be a source for bacterial contamination. Materials and methods: We studied A. baumannii strains isolated from ICU patients. When A. baumannii was isolated from the clinical sample of a patient, swab samples were collected from various areas in the ICU. VITEK 2 (bioMérieux, France) was used for the identification of A. baumannii strains and for antibiotic sensitivity tests. DNA fingerprinting analysis was performed with the repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR) method using a DiversiLab device (bioMérieux). Results: During the study, a total of 100 A. baumannii strains including 92 samples from 61 patients and 8 samples from the environment were isolated. All of the isolated strains were found to have multiresistance to antibiotics. DNA fingerprinting results showed that 7 of the 8 strains isolated from the environment were identical to many strains isolated from the patients. The greatest similarity between samples was found for 1 A. baumannii strain isolated from a computer keyboard, which was identical to the bacterium isolated from 17 other samples. Conclusion: A high level of similarity was found between strains isolated from the environment and patients, suggesting deficiencies in implementation of infection control measures.


Acinetobacter baumannii, source, rep-PCR, nosocomial infection

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