As chemokines are involved in the regulation of immune responses and inflammatory reactions, this study aimed to investigate the serum levels of some chemokines to determine whether they play roles in the pathogenesis of Behçet's disease (BD). Materials and methods: The study comprised 64 cases, allocated to active or inactive patient groups. The levels of serum macrophage inflammatory protein-1\alpha (MIP-1\alpha), epithelial neutrophil-activating protein-78 (ENA-78), and neutrophil-activating peptide-2 (NAP-2) were measured. Results: The serum levels of MIP-1\alpha and ENA-78 were statistically higher in BD patients than controls (P = 0.032 and P = 0.023, respectively). However, NAP-2 levels did not differ significantly between patients and controls (P > 0.05). A significantly higher mean serum level of ENA-78 was found in patients with active disease compared to patients with inactive disease and controls (P = 0.029 and P = 0.003, respectively). However, mean serum MIP-1\alpha and NAP-2 levels did not differ significantly between active and inactive patients (P > 0.05). Conclusion: In this study, there was a significant elevation of MIP-1\alpha and ENA-78 supporting the role of neutrophil hyperactivity in BD. However, because chemokines insert their effects in the microenvironment and serum concentrations reflect a developing inflammatory process indirectly, we suggest that more comprehensive studies are needed to reveal the role of chemokines in the pathogenesis of the disease.
Behçet's disease, pathogenesis, macrophage inflammatory protein-1\alpha, epithelial neutrophil-activating protein-78, neutrophil-activating peptide-2
KÖKÇAM, İBRAHİM; TURGUT, DİLARA; İLHAN, NAFİYE FULYA; and ÇİÇEK, DEMET
"The levels of serum chemokines in patients with Behçet's disease,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 42:
6, Article 25.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol42/iss6/25