Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Aim: To assess the efficiency of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on L. tropica, which is the major causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Turkey. Materials and methods: The effects of HBO on Leishmania tropica promastigote and amastigote forms were studied at a pressure of 2.5 atmosphere absolute (ata). We examined the cytotoxic effect of HBO on promastigotes using the trypan blue exclusion test and the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) dye-reduction assay. To investigate the effects of HBO treatment on the growth of the promastigotes, HBO-treated and non-HBO-treated cell culture flasks were incubated at 26 °C for 3 days, while the effects of HBO on L. tropica amastigotes were detected using the acridine orange staining method. Results: We observed that the cytotoxic effect emerged after 2 h and reached a maximum at 6 h with both methods. The number of live promastigotes was monitored for 24 h after treatment and there was a slight elevation at 2 h of treatment, but significant suppression was seen after 4 and 6 h of treatment (P < 0.001). We detected that the effect of HBO on L. tropica amastigote forms increased by 3.3%, 17.2%, and 38.5% at 2, 4, and 6 h, respectively. Conclusion: The results presented here indicate that HBO treatment could be used as supportive therapy in association with chemotherapeutic agents against L. tropica infection.


Hyperbaric oxygen, Leishmania tropica, cytotoxicity

First Page


Last Page