Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Increased nitrite levels in exhaled breath condensate in asthma-like syndrome induced by occupational sulfur dioxide exposure*
To investigate whether nitrite levels were abnormally high in expired breath condensate (EBC) from workers with asthma-like syndrome. Materials and methods: We measured the nitrite levels in EBC from 48 volunteer workers, including 25 smokers, with asthma-like syndrome before and after SO2 exposure and compared these levels with those from 44 nonexposed control subjects, including 23 smokers. Results: Baseline concentrations of nitrite in the workers before SO2 exposure were higher (19.31 ± 1.06 nmol/mL) than in the controls (13.08 ± 1.36 nmol/mL; P < 0.001). Acute SO2 exposure produced a significant increase in concentrations of nitrite (23.62 ± 1.36) compared to the baseline value (P < 0.05). Preexposure nitrite concentrations were similar in smoking and nonsmoking workers (17.85 ± 1.72 and 20.20 ± 1.59; P > 0.05). Conclusion: We concluded that nitrite levels in EBC are increased in the asthma-like syndrome induced by occupational SO2 exposure in an agricultural environment, suggesting the role of inflammation in the syndrome; this first application of the EBC method may be suitable in other field studies in occupational medicine.
Nitrite, asthma-like syndrome, sulfur dioxide, agriculture, apricot sulfurization
YILDIRIM, ZEKİ; SÖĞÜT, SADIK; KÖKSAL, NURHAN; and KILIÇ, TALAT
"Increased nitrite levels in exhaled breath condensate in asthma-like syndrome induced by occupational sulfur dioxide exposure*,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 42:
3, Article 8.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol42/iss3/8